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介绍切削液使用六种方法

介绍切削液使用六种方法
介绍切削液使用六种方法
介绍切削液使用六种方法
访问量 : 962
编辑时间 : 2019-12-12

  

  切削液的使用方法对刀具寿命和加工质量都有很大影响,即使最好的切削液,如果不能有效地输送到切削区域,也不能起到应有的作用。因此选用以润滑为主的切削液时(如切削油),应当把它输送到能在摩擦表面生成油膜的部位。


  XIANGFAN,RUGUOXUANYONGDEQIEXUEYEYILENGQUEWEIZHU(RUSHUIJIQIEXUEYE),JIUYINGDANGSHIQIEXUEYEJIEJINDAOJUDERENBU。ZHEIZHONGTIAOJIANXIATONGCHANGYAOYONGYALIFAQIANGPOQIEXUEYEJINRUQIEXUEQUYU,CONGERBADAOJU、GONGJIAN、QIEXIEYOUYUMOCAHEBIANXINGSUOCHANSHENGDERELIANGDAIZOU。LIANXUYINGYONGQIEXUEYEBIJIANDUANYINGYONGQIEXUEYEHAO,JIANDUANYINGYONGQIEXUEYEHUICHANSHENGREXUNHUAN,CONGERDAOZHIYINGERCUIDEDAOJUCAILIAO(RUYINGZHIHEJINDAOJU)CHANSHENGLIEWENHEBENGREN。JIANDUANSHIYONGQIEXUEYECHULESUODUANDAOJUSHOUMINGWAI,HAIHUISHIGONGZUOBIAOMIANCUCAOBUJUNYUN。


  ZHENGQUESHIYONGQIEXUEYEDELINGYIGEHAOCHUSHIYOUXIAODIPAICHUQIEXIE,ZHEIYEYOUZHUYUDAOJUSHOUMINGDEYANZHANG。RUSHIDANGANFANGQIEXUEYEDEPENZUI,KEFANGZHIXIANDAOHEZUANTOUDEPAIXIECAOBEIQIEXIEDUSIHUOPAIXIEBUCHANG。DUIYUYIXIEDAGONGJIANDEJIAGONG,HUODAJINJILIANGDEQIANGLIQIEXUE、MOXUE,CAIYONGERPAIHUODUOPAIDELENGQUEYEPENZUI,SHIZHINENGCHONGFENLENGQUE,YOULIYUTIGAOJIAGONGXIAOLV,BAOZHENGJIAGONGZHILIANG。


  1、SHOUGONGJIAYOUFA

  GUTIHUOGAOZHUANGRUNHUAJIKEYIYONGMAOBI、SHUAZIJIANGRUNHUAJITUHUODILUODAODAOJUHUOGONGJIANSHANG(ZHUYAOSHIGONGLUOWEN、BANYATAOLUOWENSHI)。ZUIJINHAIYANZHICHUSHOUTISHIGONGYEQI,TONGGUOJIAYAJIANGRUNHUAJIWUHUA,PENDAODAOJUHEGONGJIANSHANG。

  ZAIMEIYOUPEILIANGLENGQUEXITONGDEJICHUANGSHANG,RUGUOZUANKONGHUOGONGLUOWENDESHULIANGBUDUO,YONGSHOUGONGJIAYOUSHIYOUXIAODEFANGFA。DANGZAITONGYIJICHUANGSHANGYAOWANCHENGLIANGZHONGBUTONGJIAGONGSHI,YONGSHOUGONGYOUKEYIYUJICHUANGSHANGDEYILIULENGQUEXITONGPEIHEQILAISHIYONG。

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  2、YILIUFA

  ZUICHANGJIANDESHIYONGQIEXUEYEDEFANGFASHIYILIUFA。YONGDIYABENGBAQIEXUEYEDARUGUANDAOZHONG,JINGGUOFAMENCONGPENZUILIUCHU,PENZUIANZHUANGZAIJIEJINQIEXUEQUYU。QIEXUEYELIUGUOQIEXUEQUHOUZAILIUDAOJICHUANGDEBUTONGBUJIANSHANG,RANHOUHUIJIDAOJIYOUPANNEI,ZAICONGJIYOUPANLIUHUIDAOQIEXUEYEXIANGZHONG,XUNHUANSHIYONG。YINCI,QIEXUEYEXIANGYINGYOUZUGOUDERONGJI,SHIQIEXUEYEYOUSHIJIANLENGQUEBINGSHIXIDEQIEXIEJIMOLIDENGCHENJIANG。SHIJIAGONGZHONGLEIDEBUTONG,QIEXUEYEXIANGDERONGJIYUEWEI20-200L,GEBIEJIAGONGZEGENGDA,RUZUANSHENKONGJIQIANGLIMOXUEDENG,QIEXUEYEXIANGKEDA500-1000LHUOGENGDA。JINSHUJIAGONGWEIXIN,ZHIDEGUANZHU。ZAIJIYOUPANNEIYINGSHEYOUCUDEGUOLVQI,FANGZHIDADEQIEXUEJINRUQIEXUEYEXIANG,BINGZAIBENGDEXIYOUKOUZHUANGYOUYIGEJINGXIGUOLVQI。DUIYUMOXUE、YANMOHESHENKONGZUAN、SHENKONGTANGDENGJICHUANG,YOUYUJIAGONGDEGONGJIANBIAOMIANZHILIANGYAOQIUGAO,BIXUQUCHUGENGXIDEMOXIE、SHALUNKELIHEQIEXUEWEILI,RUQIANGZUANSHENKONGJIAGONG,YAOYONG10umDELVZHIJINXINGGUOLV。CAIYONGGUOLVSHEBEIKEYIBIMIANQIEXUEYEZHONGHANYOUGUODUODEWURANWUHUOGUODUODEJINSHUKELI,YOUZHUYUBAOCHIQIEXUEYEDEQINGJIEHEYANZHANGQIEXUEYEDESHIYONGZHOUQI。XIANDAIZIDONGHUAJICHUANGYIBANDOUSHEYOUQIEXUEYEGUOLV、FENLI、JINGHUAZHUANGZHI。

  YONGYILIUFAKESHIQIEXUEYELIANXUBUDUANDILIUDAOQIEXUEQUYUBINGCHONGZOUQIEXIE。QIEXUEYEDELIULIANGYAODAYIXIE,CAINENGSHIDAOJUHEGONGJIANBEIQIEXUEYESUOYANMEI。CHULEXIANGQIEXUEQUTIGONGSHIDANGDEQIEXUEYEWAI,HAIYAOYOUZUGOUDEQIEXUEYELAIFANGZHIBUZHENGCHANGDEWENSHENG。ZAISHENKONGZUANJIAGONGZHONG,QIEXUEYEXIANGRUTAIXIAO,QIEXUEYEDEWENSHENGHENKUAI,DANGYOUWENCHAOGUO60℃SHI,QIEXUEBIANBUNENGJIXUJINXING,SUOYISHENKONGZUANCHUANGYIBANDOUPEIYOUJIAODADELENGQUEYOUXIANG。


  切削液流的分布方式直接影响到切削液的效率。喷嘴应当安置在使切削液不会因受离心力的作用而抛离刀具或工件之外的位置。最好是用二个或多个喷嘴,一个把切削液送到切削区域,而其他的则用于辅助冷却和冲走切屑。

  CHEXUEHETANGXUESHIYAOQIUBAQIEXUEYEZHIJIESONGDAOQIEXUEQUYU,SHIQIEXUEYEFUGAIDAOJUDERENBUHEGONGJIANERQIDAOLIANGHAODELENGQUEZUOYONG。SHIJIANJINGYANZHENGMING,QIEXUEYEDEPENZUINEIJINGZHISHAOXIANGDANGYUCHEDAOKUANDUDESIFENZHISAN。

  DUIYUZHONGFUHEDECHEXUEHETANGXUE,XUYAOYOUDIERGEPENZUIYANDAOJUDEXIACEMIANGONGJIQIEXUEYE。JIAODIPENZUIGONGJIDEQIEXUEYEKEYIBUSHOUQIEXUEZUDANGSHUNLISONGDAODAOJUHEGONGJIANZHIJIAN,YOUZHUYUZAIDISUSHIQIRUNHUAZUOYONG。

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  SHUIPINGZUANKONGHEJIAOKONGSHI,ZUIHAOSHITONGGUOKONGXINDAOJUNEIKONGBAQIEXUEYESONGDAOQIEXUEQUYU,BAOZHENGRENBUYOUZUGOUDEQIEXUEYEBINGBAQIEXIECONGKONGZHONGCHONGCHULAI。YOUYUZUANTOUDELUOXUANCAO(WEILEPAICHUQIEXIE)YAOQIDAOBAQIEXUEYECONGQIEXUEQUWANGWAIPAICHUDEZUOYONG,YINCIJISHISHILIZUAN,JINRUQIEXUEQUDEQIEXUEYEYEHENSHAO,ZHIYOUKONGXINZUANTOUCAINENGJIEJUEZHEIYIWENTI。JINSHUJIAGONGWEIXIN,ZHIDEGUANZHU。MUQIAN,WOGUODADUOSHUZUANKONGDOUCAIYONGMAHUAZUAN,QIEXUEYEDEJINRUYUPAIXIEFANGXIANGXIANGFAN,SUOYIQIEXUEYEHENNANJINRUDAORENSHANG,YINGXIANGLEQIEXUEYEDELENGQUERUNHUAXIAOGUO,YIZHIZAOCHENGZUANTOURONGYISHAOSHANG,MOSUNYANZHONG,NAIYONGDUDI。RUHEGAISHANQIEXUEYEDEGONGJIFANGFASHIZHIDEYANJIUDEWENTI。


  XIANXUESHIZUIHAOYOUERGEPENZUIJIANGQIEXUEYESHUSONGDAOXIANDAODEJINDAOHECHUDAOCE,YIGEPENZUILIUCHUDEQIEXUEYEBEIXIANDAOCHISONGDAOQIEXUEQUYU,LINGYIGEPENZUILIUCHUDEQIEXUEYEZEBAQIEXIECONGDAOJUZHONGCHONGCHULAI。ZHAIDEXIANDAOYONGBIAOZHUNDEYUANXINGPENZUIJIKE,KUANDEDAOJUYAOYONGBIANPINGDEPENZUI,QIKUANDUZHISHAOWEIDAOJUKUANDUDE3/4,CAINENGYOULIANGHAODEFUGAILV。

  DUIYUPINGMIANXIANXUE,YONGYOUXUDUOXIAOKONGDEGUANZIZHICHENGDEHUANXINGPENYEQIJIAOHAO。ZHEIYANGKEYIBAQIEXUEYESONGDAOGEGERENKOU,SHIDAOJUWANQUANJINZAIQIEXUEYEZHONG,QIDAOJUNYUNDELENGQUEZUOYONG。RUGUOJINGCHANGYONGMOUZHONGTEDINGCHICUNDEDUANMIANXIANDAO,ZUIHAOSHIDAIYOUSHANXINGDEHUANXINGPENSHEQI,QIKAIKOUCHUDEQUXIANYUDAOJUDEBANJINGXIANGPEI。

  MOXUESHICAIYONGDIYADALIULIANGDEMOXUEYE,YIBANKEYISHOUDAOLIANGHAODEXIAOGUO。DANLIULIANGGUODASHI,JIANGHUICHANSHENGBUBIYAODEPENJIAN,TEBIESHIDUIXIAOPAOXINGNENGJIAOCHADEHECHENGQIEXUEYE,GENGYIYINQIMOXUEYEDEYICHU,KEYICAIYONGANZHUANGFANGJIANBANHEJIARUXIAOPAOJIDEBANFAJIEJUE。

  MOXUESHIRUYONGYIBANPENSAFANGFAXIAOGUOJIUHENCHA,ZAIMOXUEREXIANGZHENGGEGONGJIANKUOSANZHIQIANMOXUEYEJIHUBUNENGDAIZOUSHENMERELIANG,ZHEISHIYINWEISHALUNBIAOMIANSUDUHENGAO,WEIRAOSHALUNDEBIAOMIANSHANGSHIZHONGDAIYOUYICENGKONGQIMO,YOUAIYUQIEXUEYESHENTOUDAOQIEXUEQUYU。YINGDANGSHEJIYIZHONGTESHUDEPENZUI,POSHIQIEXUEYETONGGUOKONGQIMOSONGDAOSHALUNSHANG,ZHEIZHONGPENZUIYINGDANGJINLIANGKAOJINGONGJIAN,YIFANGYINSHALUNLIXINLIDEZUOYONGERSHIQIEXUEYEWANQUANLIUSHIDIAO。LINGWAIYIZHONGKEFUSHALUNSHANGCHANSHENGKONGQIMODEFANGFASHIKAOJINPENZUIANZHUANGYIKUAIDANGBANYIZUDUANKONGQILIU,ZHEIYANGKEZAISHALUNYUGONGJIANDEJIAOJIEMIANZHIJIANXINGCHENGBUFENZHENKONGERXIRUMOXUEYE。


  3、GAOYAFA


  DUIYUMOUXIEJIAGONG,RUSHENKONGZUANHETAOKONGZUANXUE,CHANGYONGGAOYA(YALIWEI0.69-13.79MPa)QIEXUEYEXITONGGONGYOU。SHENKONGZUANYONGDESHIDANRENZUANTOU,YUTANGKONGXIANGSI,ZHISHIZUANTOUNEIBUYOUQIEXUEYEDETONGLU。TAOKONGZUANXUESHIYIZHONGZAIGONGJIANSHANGZUANYIGEYUANZHUXINGKONGDANLIUXIAYIGESHIXINYUANZHUTIDEZUANKONGFA。DANGDAOJUJINRUGONGJIANSHI,ZUANCHUDESHIXINYUANZHUTIJIUTONGGUOKONGXINDEYUANZHUXINGDAOTOU,YONGYALIBENGBAQIEXUEYESONGDAODAOJUZHOUWEI,POSHIQIEXIECONGDAOJUZHONGXINLIUCHU。TAOKONGZUANXUEYONGDEQIEXUEYEBIXUYOULIANGHAODEJIYAXINGHEKANGSHAOJIEXING,ZHANDUYINGDANGHENDI,CAINENGZAIDAOJUZHOUWEIZIYOULIUDONG,HAIYINGJUYOULIANGHAODEYOUXING,YIJIANGDIDAOJUYUGONGJIAN,DAOJUYUQIEXIEJIANDEMOCAXISHU。

  SHENKONGZUANXUEDEZHUYAOWENTISHIRUHEZAIQIEXUEQUYUWEICHIZUGOUDEQIEXUEYELIULIANG。YIZHONGBANFASHILIYONGZUANXIECAOZUOWEIQIEXUEYEDETONGLU,QIEXUEYEYALIWEI0.35-0.69MPa,JINGGUOZHUANDONGDEMIFENGTAOLIURUZUANTOU,RANHOUZHIJIEJINRUQIEXUEQU,CONGKONGZHONGLIUCHULAIDEQIEXUEYEBANGZHUPAICHUQIEXIE。ZAISHENKONGZUANXUESHI,CAIYONGYOUKONGZUANYUYILIUFAXIANGBISHIYIGEDADEJINBU,ZUANTOUSHOUMINGHESHENGCHANLVDOUYOUJIAODAFUDUDETIGAO。

  GAOYAFAYOULIYUQIEXUEYEDAODAQIEXUEQUYU,YOUSHIYEZAIQITAJICHUANGSHANGSHIYONG。MOXUESHIGAOYAPENZUIYOULIYUSHALUNDEQINGXI。


  4、PENWUFA


  QIEXUEYEKEYIYONGQIZAIYOUWUDEXINGSHIPENDAODAOJUYUGONGJIANSHANG。QIEXUEYEJINGYIGEXIAODEPENZUI,SHIYONGYALIWEI0.069-0.552MPaDEYASUOKONGQIJIANGQIEXUEYEFENSANCHENGHENXIAODEYEDIPENRUQIEXUEQU。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,YONGSHUIJIQIEXUEYEBIYONGYOUJIQIEXUEYEHAOXIE,YINWEIYOUJIQIEXUEYEDEYOUWUWURANHUANJING,YOUAIJIANKANG,QIEYIYUJICHENGJIAODADEYOUDI。PENWUFAZUISHIHEYUQIEXUESUDUGAOERQIEXUEQUYUDI(RUDUANXIAN)DEJIAGONG。XUANYONGLENGQUEXINGNENGHAODEQIEXUEYE,XIXIAODEYEDIYUREDEDAOJU、GONGJIANHUOQIEXIEJIECHU,NENGXUNSUZHENGFABAREDAIZOU。PENWULENGQUEBUXUYONGFANGJIANBAN、JIYOUPANHEHUIYOUGUAN,ZHIYONGHENXIAODEQIUXING,ERQIEGONGJIANSHIGANDE,JISHIYOUYIDIANYOUYEYERONGYICAGAN。

  YONGPENWUFAYOURUXIAYOUDIAN:1)DAOJUSHOUMINGBIGANQIEXUEZHANG;2)ZAIMEIYOUHUOBUYISHIYONGYILIUXITONGSHI,KEYONGTALAITIGONGLENGQUEZUOYONG;3)QIEXUEYEKEYIDAODAQITAFANGFAWUFAJIEJINDEDIFANG;4)ZAIGONGJIANYUDAOJUZHIJIAN,QIEXUEYEDELIUSUGAOYUYILIUFA,LENGQUEXIAOLVANTONGTIJIDEQIEXUEYEJISUAN,BIYILIUFAGAOCHUXUDUOBEI;5)ZAIMOUXIETIAOJIANXIAKEYIJIANGDICHENGBEN;6)KEYIKANJIANBEIQIEXUEDEGONGJIAN。PENWUFADEQUEDIANSHILENGQUENENGLIYOUXIAN,BINGQIEHAIXUYAOTONGFENG。


  PENWUZHUANGZHIYOUSANZHONGFANGSHI:1)XIYINSHI,QIYUANLIYUJIAYONGPENWUQIYIYANG,ZHUYAOLIYONGXIYAOGUANYUANLI,YASUOKONGQIBAQIEXUEYEXIYINCHUYEGUANERHUNHEWUHUAYUQILIUZHONG。TAYOUYIGETONGYASUOKONGQIDEGUANHELINGYIGEHONGXIQIEXUEYEDEGUAN,BINGLIANJIEYUHUNHEJIETOUSHANG,TASHIHEYUDIZHANDUQIEXUEYOUHERUHUAYEDEPENWU。2)QIYASHI(JIAYAFA),QIYUANLISHIQIEXUEYEZHUANGYUMIFENGYETONGNEI,YONG0.2-0.4MPaDEYASUOKONGQIJIAYA,DANGDIANCIFADAKAISHI,QIEXUEYEJIUBEIYACHU,TONGGUOHUNHEFAYUYASUOKONGQIQILIUHUNHEWUHUA。JINSHUJIAGONGWEIXIN,ZHIDEGUANZHU。ZHEIZHONGZHUANGZHISHIHEYUSHUIJIHECHENGYEHERUHUAYEDEPENWU,DANSHUIRONGYEHERUHUAYEZHONGBUDEHANYOUZHIFANGYOUHUOXUANFUDEGUTIWUZHI。WUHUAHUNHEBIKEYOUHUNHEFAHEDIAOYAFADIAOZHENG。3)PENSHESHI,QIYUANLISHIYONGCHILUNBENGBAQIEXUEYEJIAYA,TONGGUOHUNHEFAZHIJIEPENSHEYUYASUOKONGQIQILIUZHONGSHIQIWUHUA。ZHEIZHONGZHUANGZHISHIYONGYUJIANGTOUMINGLENGQUESHUIHEDIZHANDUQIEXUEYOUWUHUA。

  PENWUHUAKEYINGYONGYUDUANXIAN、CHEXUE、ZIDONGJICHUANGJIAGONG、SHUKONGJICHUANGJIAGONG。DAIYOUDIANCIFAKONGZHIDEPENWUZHUANGZHISHIYONGYUZAISHUKONGJICHUANGSHANGGONGLUOWEN、JIAOKONG。


  5、ZHILENGYETIJIANGWENFA

  ZHILENGYETIJIANGWENFAZHONGLEIHENDUO,RUDAN、YA、ERYANGHUATANDENGQITIJUNKEYASUOCHENGYETIFANGYUGANGPINGZHONG,FUANGQITIKEYONGJIXIEZHUANGZHIYASUOCHENGYETI,SHIYONGSHIFANGCHU,JINGGUODIAOJIEFA,YOUPENZUIZHIJIEZHUSHEYUQIEXUEQU,KAOQIHUAXIRELAILENGQUEDAOJU、GONGJIANHEQIEXIE。ZHEIZHONGFANGFALENGQUEXIAOGUOFEICHANGHAO,SHIYONGYUBUXIUGANG、NAIREGANG、GAOQIANGDUHEJINGANGDENGNANJIAGONGCAILIAODEQIEXUEJIAGONG,KEYIDADATIGAODAOJUNAIYONGDU。


  6、切削液的集中供给系统

  DUIYUDA、ZHONGXINGJIXIEJIAGONGCHANG,ZAIKENENGDEQINGKUANGXIA,DOUYINGDANGKAOLVCAIYONGJIZHONGXUNHUANXITONGWEIDUOTAIJICHUANGGONGYINGQIEXUEYE,DANBIXUGETAIJICHUANGSHICAIYONGTONGYIZHONGQIEXUEYE。JITAIMOCHUANGKEYIYONGLIANJIEZAIYIQIDESHUSONGXITONGCHULIMOXIE。JIZHONGCHULIBEIQIEXUEYERUNSHIDEXIQIEXIEHEMOXIE,KEYIJIANSHAORENLICHULI,GAISHANLAODONGTIAOJIAN。

  QIEXUEYEJIZHONGGONGJIXITONGKESHIGONGCHANGGENGHAODIWEIHUQIEXUEYE。QIEXUEYEJIZHONGZAIYIGEDACHIZHONG,TONGGUODINGQICHOUYANGJIANCHA,ANZHAOJIANCHAJIEGUODINGQIBUCHONGYUANYEHUOSHUI,BIANYUKONGZHIQIEXUEYEDENONGDU。KEYIJIANSHAOCHOUYANGJIANCHADECISHU,CONGERJINXINGGENGDUOXIANGMUDEJIANCHA,BAOZHENGQIEXUEYEZAISHIYONGQIDEZHILIANG。TONGFENKAISHEZHIDEXUDUODANDUDEDUOQIEXUEYEGONGJIXITONGXIANGBI,YOUYUQIEXUEYEDEWEIHUGONGZUOJIANSHAO,CHENGBENYEXIANGDUIJIANGDI。


  QIEXUEYEJIZHONGGONGJIXITONGZUIZHUYAODEYOUDIANSHINENGTONGGUOLIXINCHULIDEFANGFA,KEYOUXIAOQUCHUQIEXUEYEZHONGDEFUYOUHEJINSHUKELI,TONGSHIYEQUDIAOLEQIEXUEYEZHONGDEYIBANDEXIJUN(YINWEIXIJUNHENRONGYIZAIQIEXUEYEDEPIAOFUYOUYUJINSHUKELIZHIJIANDEJIEMIANSHANGSHENGZHANG)。LIANXUQUCHUZHEIXIEZANGWU,DINGQIJIANYANZHILIANGBINGGENJUZHEIXIEJIANCHAJIEGUO,YOUJIHUADISHIYONGTIANJIAJIHUOJIARUYUANYE,ZHEIDOUSHISHIJIZHONGXITONGSHIFENYOUXIAODIYANZHANGQIEXUEYESHIYONGSHOUMINGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。ZHEIYANGYEJIANSHAOLESHUIRONGXINGQIEXUEYEDEFEIYECHULI。